Instagramm Facebook

Home | Blog

IVF Drugs Explained – Complete Fertility and IVF Medications List

calendar March 2, 2020 user eye 5216

Share: Facebook

Both intended parents and egg donors take tons of IVF drugs during the programs. However, not always can one get an explanation and understand what all those injections do to their body. That`s why we decided to create a complete IVF medications list and show the meaning of each particular pill or injection. Let`s go through the process and overview them step by step.

ivf drugs - ivf medications list

How Do IVF Drugs Depend on the Program Stage?

At different stages of the IVF program, doctors use various drugs. At the first stage, medications prepare the woman’s body for the subsequent stimulation of ovulation. The second stage aims at stimulating the maturation and growth of the eggs. After embryo transfer, doctors use medications that support the condition of the uterine mucosa, thereby increasing the chance of success of the IVF.

Step 1 – Blockers 

This group of IVF drugs includes agonists (analogs) and antagonists of gonadotropin-releasing (GnRH) hormone. They increase the likelihood of fertilization during IVF by suppressing the release of luteinizing hormone (LH)

The GnRH analogs are:

  • Diphereline, 
  • Decapeptyl,  
  • Leuprorelin, 
  • Goserelin (Zoladex), 
  • Synarel, 
  • Buserelin. 

Gonadoliberin agonists (a-GRH) prepare the ovaries for stimulation. Also, these IVF medications prevent premature ovulation – rupture of the follicles before the puncture. They are administered by daily subcutaneous injection or in a depot form.

Types of IVF injections - intramuscular and subcutaneous

Antagonists of GnRH include:

  • Orgalutran, 
  • Cetrotide, 
  • Cetrorelix. 

Gonadoliberin antagonists (ant-GRH) prevent premature ovulation at the final stage of stimulation. They are administered intramuscularly. Usually, one cycle requires no more than 4-5 injections.

Step 2 – Ovulation Stimulants

The next group of IVF drugs is ovulation stimulants. They replace natural gonadotropins, causing the growth and maturation of follicles and subsequent ovulation. Thanks to these IVF medications, it is possible to get several eggs in one cycle. The trigger shot contains IVF drugs with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). It is the last injection that completes the maturation of the eggs and prepares female organisms to the retrieval. Egg retrieval procedure happens 36-48 hours after the trigger injection. Here is a video showing how to make the trigger shot. 

These drugs include urinary gonadotropins:

  • Pergonal, 
  • Humegon,
  • Menotropin, 
  • Pregnyl,
  • Gonasi (5000-15000IU).

Recombinant gonadotropins:

  • Puregon, 
  • Gonal-F,
  • Ovidrel.

Doctors often prescribe indirect ovulation stimulants such as Clostilbegyt (Clomifene). 

Step 3 – Ovulation Triggers and Embryo Transfer

The third position in the IVF medications list is ovulation triggers. They imitate or stimulate the release of luteinizing hormone, due to which ovulation occurs. 

These drugs include:

  • Choragon, 
  • Profasi, 
  • Rotten,
  • Lupron. 

For short-term anesthesia during the egg retrieval, Diprivan is usually used. 

Step 4 – Embryo Transfer and Post Transfer

The 4th group of drugs supports the function of the corpus luteum and helps to support the luteal phase after embryo transfer. These include the following medicines:

  • Duphaston, 
  • Progesterone, 
  • Choragon. 

Progesterone drugs prepare the uterine mucosa for the process of embryo transfer. Usually, doctors prescribe them up to 12-14 weeks, after which the placenta is formed and begins to secrete its progesterone in the required amount.

Besides, the attending physician may prescribe Estradiol, Progynova, Metipred, Dexamethasone. These medications contain the hormone estradiol. They prepare the uterine mucosa for embryo transfer. The drugs are available in tablet form and should be taken until the pregnancy test.

Quite often, doctors also prescribe low molecular weight heparins, such as Lovenox, Clexane, Fraxiparine, which prevent blood coagulation. 

What You Should Remember when Taking IVF Drugs

All IVF drugs for independent use are provided with detailed instructions and have a convenient form. Besides, you can find a large number of videos illustrating the process of self-injection with ovulation stimulants. However, one should remember that most drugs used in in vitro fertilization include potent substances. It is unacceptable to prescribe them yourself without consulting a doctor. 

The patients should take pills and injections on those days and even hours indicated by the reproductologist. It would be best if you discuss any change in the schedule with the doctor. Remember that even a single change in the prescribed hour of taking the drug can lead to a failed IVF attempt. The use of any additional medicines, whether related or not related to the procedure, should be agreed with your doctor. 

If your state of health requires the constant use of any medication, you must inform your doctor before starting the IVF procedure. More than that, you should immediately report the attending physician concerning any change in your health and well-being.

I hope that this article was informative and helped you to understand the role of fertility medications better. If you have any questions concerning IVF – don`t hesitate to contact us directly. The consultation is free as well as the biggest egg donor database we have. Stay healthy and let your dream family come true!

donor profiles image


Share: Facebook

gestational surrogacy main image

Gestational Surrogacy Cost, Process, Statistics, and Laws Explained

calendar September 6, 2021 user eye 62

There are two types of surrogate motherhood – traditional and gestational. During gestational surrogacy (full surrogacy), the surrogate mother has no biological connection with the child. Doctors use the oocyte of an egg donor or an intended mother, and conception occurs outside her body. After this, the doctors transfer the fertilized egg to another woman’s

how to prepare for iui

How to Prepare for IUI Step-by-Step – Male & Female Advice

calendar August 1, 2021 user eye 230

Preparing for the intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure increases its success chances. That’s why in this post, we will share some helpful advice for men and women on how to prepare for IUI. Artificial insemination is becoming the most effective way to achieve a successful pregnancy. Practice shows that not every woman can get pregnant naturally

how many eggs are normal during ivf retrieval

How Many Eggs Are Normal during Egg Retrieval – IVF Statistics

calendar June 29, 2021 user eye 1193

Oocytes are precious gems from the IVF perspective. Now, most reproductologists share the opinion that a perfect number of eggs during IVF retrieval is 15. However, this amount strongly depends on the woman`s age. More than that, in most cases, it is better to receive 1-2 healthy oocytes than a dozen of low-quality cells. In

Don't wait another day to complete your family